Using fiscal year data, this publication includes analyses of the two types of federal sex offenses carrying mandatory minimum penalties, sexual abuse offenses and child pornography offenses, as well their impact on the Federal Bureau of Prisons population. In addition to analyzing child pornography offenses generally, this publication analyzes child pornography offenses by offense type, exploring differences in frequency, offender characteristics, and sentencing outcomes for distribution, receipt, and possession offenses. Offenders convicted of a sex offense comprised only 4. Sex offenses accounted for Sex offenses, however, increased in number and as a percentage of the federal docket, and sex offenders were more frequently convicted of an offense carrying a mandatory minimum penalty.
Sex offender - Wikipedia
In the past few years, inequality perpetuated through the US carceral system has become a common topic of discussion and debate amongst academics, politicians, and the general public. Perhaps nowhere are these debates more salient than in the state of California, which houses the largest incarcerated population in the United States. In the most recent election, five out of 18 California ballot propositions addressed topics directly or indirectly related to incarceration; including the death penalty, felony sentencing, and ammunition possession. It seems we may finally be ready to talk about our prison problem. Yet, as we begin to creep forward, and as we were reminded in the recent Presidential election, progress always has its limits. In my own research on incarceration and the law, I have found that these limits often lie in the regulation of sex offenders. Even as we reduce sentencing for drug, firearm possession, and other crimes, sex offender laws in the United States continue to expand and become more severe.
Mandatory Minimum Penalties for Federal Sex Offenses
Before turning to discuss the subject of this chapter—punishment of sex offenders—it is important to discuss the general characteristics of punishment as a whole. Antony Flew holds that punishment must contain at least five elements that distinguish this term from other hardships people may suffer from. First, the person who is punished must consider it a hardship or unpleasantness; this means that a punishment cannot be something beneficial to the punished person I will argue later in this chapter that the rehabilitation of offenders cannot be considered punishments. Second, it should be a reaction to an offense, meaning that people should not be arbitrarily punished for no reason. Third, it should be inflicted only on the guilty offender and not imposed on innocent victims or suspects whose guilt has not been proven.
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